All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) These are informal groups of Members of Parliament (MPs). They meet to discuss issues such as mental health, education and conservation. Activist Someone who wants to change the way things are and does something about it. Awareness Knowledge of the way things work in society. For example, political awareness means knowledge of how politics works. Ballots A way of voting which counts each person’s vote. The winner is the person with the highest number of votes. Bill This is the stage in the UK Parliamentary system before laws come into force (have to be obeyed). Many changes are made at this stage as people argue about what the law should say. Campaign Political action to make changes in the way things are done, either to change a law or the ways laws are enforced. Citizenship Being a member of a country and having rights because of it. Civic life The way people take part in society, for example by voting, taking an interest in your local council or trying to improve the neighbourhood. Community The local area where people live and the people who live there. Conscientious Objector Someone who opposes war and will not fight. Conscription / Conscripted Being forced to enrol in something, particularly the armed forces. Councils Locally elected groups of people in charge of local services such as housing and rubbish collections. Creative A different way of thinking about a problem to find solutions. Creative is also used to describe activities such as dance, music and art. Democracy Government by the people through free and open elections. Dialogue Discussion between groups of people who often have opposing views. Discrimination Treating people unfairly because of prejudice. Duties Things that have to be done, usually because of laws or because of a responsibility. Election The process where voters decide who will be in charge of local and national government. Equality Making sure everyone is treated fairly and has equal access to their rights. Feminist Someone who tries to help make changes so women have equal opportunities and treatment. Government The group of people with the authority to rule the country. House of Commons All Members of Parliament (MPs) who are elected to represent the different areas of the UK. House of Lords Part of the process of law making in the UK. People who sit in the House of Lords used to be given the job because their parents had it. Now they are chosen because of their knowledge or experience. They are not elected to sit there. Inequality When not everyone is treated fairly or has equal access to their rights.
Injustice Something that is unfair and wrong. Law Set of rules that everyone in a country must follow. Lobbying Contacting someone in authority about an issue, usually a Member of Parliament (MP) or a local councillor. Members of Parliament (MPs) People who are elected to represent the geographical areas of the UK. They are responsible for making laws. Methods Ways of doing things. Monarchy The system of having a king or queen. Parliament Parliament is made up of the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Monarchy. Parliament discusses all the laws and policies of the country. The final decision is made by the House of Commons. Pensions The money the state pays to people when they retire from work. Persecution Treating other people badly because they are different. Petition A formal written request, often signed by lots of people, asking people in authority to change something. Political Movement A group of people who join together to reach a common goal, such as changing a law. Political Office Someone who has a job they are elected to, such as an MP or local councillor. Practice How laws or policies work in reality. This is often different from the theory of a policy or law. The way a law works in practice may be different from how Parliament thought it should work. Prejudice Unfair treatment of people or groups. Protest A political action of some kind to show you don’t agree, such as holding a poster, sending a letter or speaking at a meeting. Publicity Information which is sent to the media to get public attention. This includes information sent to local newspapers, radio, television and social media. Racism Unfair treatment of people because of discrimination or prejudice, usually because of skin colour or race. Reconciliation To overcome differences and make a relationship better. Reform Changing conditions to make them better. Revolutionary Leading to great changes. Rights These are the things which people are legally or morally allowed to do and what people should be free to do. For example, human rights include basic freedoms such as the right to life and freedom of opinion. Social justice Fairness and justice for all in society. Solidarity Agreement and support between a group of people who see things the same way and who share the same interests. State A country or part of a country with its own government and borders. Strike Action, normally taken by trade union members, usually to stop work. “The Troubles” Period of history in the late twentieth century in Northern Ireland. The conflict was often violent between the Unionists, who wanted the province to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the Nationalists/Republicans who wanted the province to become part of the Republic of Ireland. The conflict ended with the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. Tolerance Accepting people who are different from you. Trade Unions Groups of workers in a particular trade or industry who join together to seek improvements in pay, benefits, and working conditions. Many Trade Unions also have political objectives. Volunteers People who give their time for free to help others or for a reason such as trying to make the world a better place.